Este artículo es originalmente publicado en:
Dinneen A1, Guyot A, Clements J, Bradley N.
Bone Joint J. 2013 Apr;95-B(4):554-7. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.95B4.30388.
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Copyright © 2015 THE BRITISH EDITORIAL SOCIETY OF BONE & JOINT SURGERY All Rights Reserved.
Cut-off values with highest sensitivity and specificity for the synovial fluid white cell and differential count will facilitate the accurate diagnosis of infection in total knee (TKR) and total hip replacement (THR). All patients undergoing revision TKR or THR for suspected prosthetic joint infection between 2009 and 2011 at two hospitals were identified. A total of 75 patients were included with a mean age of 70.3 years (38 to 89). Synovial fluid was aspirated pre-operatively and peri-prosthetic tissue samples were taken intra-operatively for histological and microbiological examination. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) plots were constructed for white cell and differential counts in aspirated fluid. The optimal cut-off for TKR and THR was 1590 white cells/µl and 65% neutrophilia. The white cell count cut-off value identified for THR was notably lower than previously quoted in the literature. A cut-off value for white cell count in synovial aspirate in suspected prosthetic joint infection of between 1100 and 1700 white cells/µl is likely to be applicable to both THR and TKR.
- [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]